Pectic substances occur widely in plant tissues. Pectin is mainly extracted from citrus peel, apple pomace and pressed sugar beet pulp. It is usually classified into HM pectins and LM pectins.
It can be used as a thickener and gelling agent in acid and sweetened systems (HM pectin) and with calcium (LM pectin). As it is not digestable by human gut enzyme, pectin falls within the definition of a soluble dietary fiber.
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